Creating a RabbitMQ Docker Container accessed with Python and pika

First Published: .

In this video, that I streamed on Twitch, I demonstrate the code showed here.

I launch the Docker Container and operated it a bit, so you can get to learn few tricks.

I created the RabbitMQ Docker installation based on the official RabbitMQ installation instructions for Ubuntu/Debian:

https://www.rabbitmq.com/install-debian.html#apt-cloudsmith

One interesting aspect is that I cover how the messages are delivered as byte sequence. I show this by sending Unicode characters

Files in the project

Dockerfile

FROM ubuntu:20.04

MAINTAINER Carles Mateo

ARG DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive

# This will make sure printing in the Screen when running in dettached mode
ENV PYTHONUNBUFFERED=1

ARG PATH_RABBIT_INSTALL=/tmp/rabbit_install/

ARG PATH_RABBIT_APP_PYTHON=/opt/rabbit_python/

RUN mkdir $PATH_RABBIT_INSTALL

COPY cloudsmith.sh $PATH_RABBIT_INSTALL

RUN chmod +x ${PATH_RABBIT_INSTALL}cloudsmith.sh

RUN apt-get update -y && apt install -y sudo python3 python3-pip mc htop less strace zip gzip lynx && apt-get clean

RUN ${PATH_RABBIT_INSTALL}cloudsmith.sh

RUN service rabbitmq-server start

RUN mkdir $PATH_RABBIT_APP_PYTHON

COPY requirements.txt $PATH_RABBIT_APP_PYTHON

WORKDIR $PATH_RABBIT_APP_PYTHON

RUN pwd

RUN pip install -r requirements.txt

COPY *.py $PATH_RABBIT_APP_PYTHON

COPY loop_send_get_messages.sh $PATH_RABBIT_APP_PYTHON

RUN chmod +x loop_send_get_messages.sh

CMD ./loop_send_get_messages.sh

cloudsmith.sh

#!/usr/bin/sh
# From: https://www.rabbitmq.com/install-debian.html#apt-cloudsmith

sudo apt-get update -y && apt-get install curl gnupg apt-transport-https -y

## Team RabbitMQ's main signing key
curl -1sLf "https://keys.openpgp.org/vks/v1/by-fingerprint/0A9AF2115F4687BD29803A206B73A36E6026DFCA" | sudo gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/com.rabbitmq.team.gpg > /dev/null
## Cloudsmith: modern Erlang repository
curl -1sLf https://dl.cloudsmith.io/public/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-erlang/gpg.E495BB49CC4BBE5B.key | sudo gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/io.cloudsmith.rabbitmq.E495BB49CC4BBE5B.gpg > /dev/null
## Cloudsmith: RabbitMQ repository
curl -1sLf https://dl.cloudsmith.io/public/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-server/gpg.9F4587F226208342.key | sudo gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/io.cloudsmith.rabbitmq.9F4587F226208342.gpg > /dev/null

## Add apt repositories maintained by Team RabbitMQ
sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/rabbitmq.list <<EOF
## Provides modern Erlang/OTP releases
##
deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/io.cloudsmith.rabbitmq.E495BB49CC4BBE5B.gpg] https://dl.cloudsmith.io/public/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-erlang/deb/ubuntu bionic main
deb-src [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/io.cloudsmith.rabbitmq.E495BB49CC4BBE5B.gpg] https://dl.cloudsmith.io/public/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-erlang/deb/ubuntu bionic main

## Provides RabbitMQ
##
deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/io.cloudsmith.rabbitmq.9F4587F226208342.gpg] https://dl.cloudsmith.io/public/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-server/deb/ubuntu bionic main
deb-src [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/io.cloudsmith.rabbitmq.9F4587F226208342.gpg] https://dl.cloudsmith.io/public/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-server/deb/ubuntu bionic main
EOF

## Update package indices
sudo apt-get update -y

## Install Erlang packages
sudo apt-get install -y erlang-base \
                        erlang-asn1 erlang-crypto erlang-eldap erlang-ftp erlang-inets \
                        erlang-mnesia erlang-os-mon erlang-parsetools erlang-public-key \
                        erlang-runtime-tools erlang-snmp erlang-ssl \
                        erlang-syntax-tools erlang-tftp erlang-tools erlang-xmerl

## Install rabbitmq-server and its dependencies
sudo apt-get install rabbitmq-server -y --fix-missing

build_docker.sh

#!/bin/bash

s_DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME="rabbitmq"

echo "We will build the Docker Image and name it: ${s_DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME}"
echo "After, we will be able to run a Docker Container based on it."

printf "Removing old image %s\n" "${s_DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME}"
sudo docker rm "${s_DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME}"

printf "Creating Docker Image %s\n" "${s_DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME}"
sudo docker build -t ${s_DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME} . --no-cache

i_EXIT_CODE=$?
if [ $i_EXIT_CODE -ne 0 ]; then
    printf "Error. Exit code %s\n" ${i_EXIT_CODE}
    exit
fi

echo "Ready to run ${s_DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME} Docker Container"
echo "To run in type: sudo docker run -it --name ${s_DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME} ${s_DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME}"
echo "or just use run_in_docker.sh"

requirements.txt

pika

loop_send_get_messages.sh

#!/bin/bash

echo "Starting RabbitMQ"
service rabbitmq-server start

echo "Launching consumer in background which will be listening and executing the callback function"
python3 rabbitmq_getfrom.py &

while true; do

    i_MESSAGES=$(( RANDOM % 10 ))

    echo "Sending $i_MESSAGES messages"
    for i_MESSAGE in $(seq 1 $i_MESSAGES); do
        python3 rabbitmq_sendto.py
    done

    echo "Sleeping 5 seconds"
    sleep 5

done

echo "Exiting loop"

rabbitmq_sendto.py

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import pika
import time

connection = pika.BlockingConnection(pika.ConnectionParameters(host="localhost"))

channel = connection.channel()

channel.queue_declare(queue="hello")

s_now = str(time.time())

s_message = "Hello World! " + s_now + " Testing Unicode: çÇ àá😀"
channel.basic_publish(exchange="", routing_key="hello", body=s_message)
print(" [x] Sent '" + s_message + "'")
connection.close()

rabbitmq_getfrom.py

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import pika


def callback(ch, method, properties, body):
    # print(f" [x] Received in channel: {ch} method: {method} properties: {properties} body: {body}")
    print(f" [x] Received body: {body}")


connection = pika.BlockingConnection(pika.ConnectionParameters(host="localhost"))

channel = connection.channel()

channel.queue_declare(queue="hello")

print(" [*] Waiting for messages. To exit press Ctrl+C")

# This will loop
channel.basic_consume(queue="hello", on_message_callback=callback)
channel.start_consuming()

print("Finishing consumer")
Views: 175 views

Rules for writing a Comment


  1. Comments are moderated
  2. I don't publish Spam
  3. Comments with a fake email are not published
  4. Disrespectful comments are not published, even if they have a valid point
  5. Please try to read all the article before asking, as in many cases questions are already responded

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.