Tag Archives: Raspberry Pi 2

Media Player in my Raspberry Pi 4

Just installed a media player in my Raspberry Pi 4

So I mentioned it was one of my pending tasks, to do while I’m confined here, at home, to help the Irish government to stop the quick spread of the coronavirus.

I’m happy that the situation in Ireland has stabilized, unlikely in Spain, where that historical lack of discipline and selfishness and super ego to believe Madrid the capital of the world, and so deciding not to close it for quarantine, will cause a lot of pain. I hope the closing of frontiers in Catalonia works.

Well, what I do you’re probably asking yourself, so I installed LibreELEC https://libreelec.tv/.

They have a very nice SD image writer for Linux, Mac and Windows, that will install the proper image on the micro-SD for your ARM device.

This Raspberry Pi 4 comes with Wifi integrated and a Gigabit Ethernet network port.

When I was in Barcelona, I had Kodi with Raspberry pi 2 and version 3.

This model v. 4 is much more cooler. I bought the 4GB version, and has 2xHDMI 4K.

So it is great to connect to any modern TV.

In Barcelona, I have Linux tower as NFS Server sharing my files with the Pi. Work good, even for the 100Mbit NIC of the version 3, but at that time I was only playing Full HD as the Pi didn’t supported greater resolution, and I only had that resolution on my displays too.

For now, I’m going to explore how is reading from a USB 3.0. Let’s see if it’s able to play smoothly.

The cool thing also is that I have SSH access, and so I can use the Pi for many more things. :)

I have my first update, I noticed that copying to that USB was not the best for me, as I tried to copy a .MKV file of 4.9GB and I encountered the limit of 4GB of FAT32. I could format the USB as ext4, but what I did is, SSH into the box, I see that I have two partitions on the SD for booting the Pi, the second one is a ext4 called storage. So I copied to the SD, through the network, using sftp the file I wanted.

The Gigabit connection was fast, but when the buffer fulled it started to show the real speed of the SD which is 15MB/s for writing.

Ext4 has no problem in holding a file 4.9GB so I’m watching my movie now. Will think about setting a NFS for the Pi as it will be very convenient. :)

I have an external, remote, keyboard logitech, but it happens that LibreELEC recognizes my Sony command, from the television. I don’t need the keyboard/mouse. Nice.

Here you can see my Raspberry Pi 4, connected to TV, in “combat mode”, naked, as PoC, before setting in its definitive place behind the TV.

Playing from the external USB 3.0 stick was also fluid, allowing 4K perfectly.

The only problem I has was when I was pushing movies to the USB through the network, and playing at the same time from the SD. It seems like the Raspberry reached its limits doing this and playing stuck frequently.

What is PrototypeC and how you can DIY

The C with the external keyboard+touchpad and PHPStormIt all started with my best friend, and the best Engineer I know, E. H. We often meet for doing hackatons and we explore node, go, patterns, technologies… Some times we just meet and improvise a hackaton.

I’ve been carrying with me a laptop, almost every single day of my life, since many years ago (that’s why I created some jokes about gym and IT and have fun with my friends, like: we IT guys go to the gym to be so strong so we can carry a laptop everywhere, all the time, without effort).

But some of my friends suffer from the back, and they can’t carry weight, so they don’t bring with them the laptop unless necessary.

There are some other friends, Sysadmins in the Operations field, that sometimes have alerts, so they have to carry a laptop with them when they’re on guard, but sometimes they have an alert out of guard, and nobody else can fix it and they don’t have a computer with them.

I also I’m concerned about privacy and sadly most smartphone builders install crappy Software that spy the users, and send keystrokes to third party companies, etc… So having a portable device, small as a credit card, where you can type your business ideas or your thoughts with some privacy, or you can use to fix remote servers when they broke, etc… looked appealing. This also fits with my private messenger c-client.

So, when I configured my raspberry 2 with OSMC and started to install Software, program crons, etc… I realized that is a tiny computer, capable enough. And then an idea came to me.

What if I can make this lightweight motherboard a wearable computer?.

And I started to play with this.


I first needed an interesting enough OS, that I or my DevOps friends would like to use.

I choose Debian Jessie for Arm (armhf). Raspberry Pi 2 uses ARM v7 that is a very important improvement respect previous Raspberry models, not only in performance, but also in the floating point. That simplifies many things and much more Software packages are available (like Snappy Ubuntu Core or Windows 10).

Using Debian Jessie provided me with a very basic system that really uses few RAM memory. It uses only 65 MB RAM, with all the Wifi supported firmwares.

Then I installed X-Windows, with LXDE as Desktop Manager. Everything uses only 120 MB RAM.

I installed several packages, to highlight the epiphany web browser, Open Java Runtime Environment, and PHPStorm IDE.

I also use Ubuntu 15.04 Desktop for ARM.


Unless Raspberry pi first generation, Raspberry Pi 2 uses micro-USB standard 5V input, like most of the Android phones. So I decided to do some tests about sustained energy input with batteries.

First I calculated the energy consumption of the Pi 2, plus Ethernet and plus some USB devices I would like to attach.

I found that common power banks, those you use to charge your smartphone when battery is depleted and you’re on the run, bring a continuous energy signal that works perfectly well. I tested it by running the Raspberry Pi 2 for hours while reproducing video, doing live updates, flawlessly.

Then the first version of the Prototype C was born.


  • $40 Raspbery Pi 2
  • $10 Powerbank 2000 mAh
  • $15 USB Wifi-N card

It weights 160 grams/0.3527 pounds/5.64 ounces.

Some of the powerbanks are so cool that they allow you to charge them while at the same time they are providing energy to the output. So you can have the Prototype C continuously running, and if the battery is going to deplete you can just plug it to the energy plug of a bar, and the C will continue running non-stop, and the battery will charge, so in a while you can continue your walk without stopping the C.

Prototype C-2 Spartan: 5000 mAh solar powered Levin battery, Raspberry Pi 2, blue micro-USB connector, Ziron blue Z-cableLater I bought a Levin solar powered battery, that is lightweight, protected to impacts and that has two outputs (1, 2 A) and charges while exposed to sun, so I can have the battery in the outside of my bag, and while I walk in the city it is being charged at a max rate of 200 mA. This is ideal for people hiking in the mountain or traveling in the world, so it can save lives if a problem comes and phone’s battery is depleted.

I think also in boys in Africa or poor countries where they children have to walk a long to the school. This walking could help charging the battery so they can study at the school and continue studying at home.

With the C a solar powered battery also allow to blog from everywhere. :)

You don't even need a cable, just an small USB-micro-USB connector

You don’t even need a cable, just an small USB-micro-USB connector

Note: This Levin solar battery doesn’t accept to be charged and to bring energy to the device at the same time.

Note: you can also aliment it from the car lighter connector with and adapter.


That part is not easy.

The monitors I was interested in were not sold to Catalonia. Finally I was able to find some of my interest in Amazon.es

Most of those monitors work for the Raspberry Pi, first gen, or for Arduino, Banana Pi, etc… but not for Raspberry Pi 2. So this is the first thing to be careful.

Other of those monitors get the signal from the Raspberry Pi GPIO, the General Purpose Input Output, from Raspberry. So they need some kernel patching, binaries, not Open Source code usually, and that also prevents from certain kind direct access to drawing in X not being displayed in the monitor attached via GPIO.


Other monitors require external power source, often 12 V, and so are very voluminous. So they are not a fit for our means.

Normally those monitors are touch screens, some take the power from the GPIO and also control the touching from there, but others require two USB: one for the energy and other for the touch controlling part.

You have also to consider if they have external button to power on, power off.

Also those monitors have extremely low resolution, 320×480 and like this. Only found a model supporting 800×600 and is a 5″.

And finally you have to take in consideration the power consumption.

I solved this by buying power banks that have a 2 or 2.5 A output.

Simple power banks provide a 1 A output, better ones provide two outputs: 1 A output for smartphones, and 2 A output, normally for tablets.

Part of the cool thing is the possibility to have the monitor in a place, and the Pi and the battery in another place, like for creating wearables and other cool stuff.

As I wanted to provide DIY for people, and an elegant cheap lightweight solution, the difficulty to find those monitors was a gap, so I explored several ways to use cheaper screens until I realized what is what every engineer (and common people) carries with him every day?. The smartphone.

USB Wifi

As I wanted to have Wifi I needed USB Wifi that can work with Raspberry Pi 2 and Debian Jessie.

I had some problems at the beginning (caused by a bug in wcid), but I managed to make everything work. I have made it work with two different Wifi card models flawlessly: TP-Link Nano, Asus Nano USB-N10.

Nothing stops you from adding two Wifi USB to the device. In fact is my preferred option, as I use one for being connected/controlled/display to the phone, and another for connecting to the Wifi of the place I am. That way I don’t use my mobile Data plan that much when I’m outside. In this case I recommend to use different cards (different supported chipsets) to save you headaches configuring and setting what does what (unless you like to fight with configurations until you master everything :).

Some USB Wifi devices also equip Bluetooth transmission, that is very interesting for future prototypes for controlling other devices (car radio, headsets, commands..).

Controlling the C from the smartphone

I started to test certain things to overcome the display difficulties and finally I had cool an idea and I found a very nice option.

Here configuring the Vnc client to access to :1

Here configuring the Vnc client to access to :1

Sharing the Internet from my iPhone creates an internal network of the type 172.20.10.x.

Sharing the Internet connection from the phone, and connecting the C automatically it  creates a private network, with full network visibility between the devices.

So with a ssh app for iPhone like Server Auditor I was able to connect through ssh to the C, and with a VNC Client, like Real Vnc Client, I was able to connect to the Desktop of the Prototype C, control it, send keystrokes, zoom in, zoom out. Both apps are free to download and to use.

For Android it works the same, for sharing the Internet connection it creates an internal network with another range and there are also free apps for the purpose.

The ip assigned is normally the same, in my case.

The only required thing was to setup the C to auto-connect via Wifi to my phone’s Wifi shared connection, and then connect to the C device’s ip.

This is very easily done with Wcid from LXDE.

Mark Automatically connect to this Network

Mark Automatically connect to this Network

I configured vnc server so I can access to the same display than the HDMI, so I can switch from working with the smartphone to HDMI easily, and I also configured vnc server through other display at a 1024×768 resolutions. That was more comfortable to work only with the small screen of my iPhone 4. Although setting a lower resolution, like 800×600, makes it easier to work with tiny screens.

With the Vnc client you can zoom in, zoom out, with the classical gestures and use keyboard.

Not only this, I allowed several of my friends to have their own independent sessions to the same C. So with only one C several Engineers can Develop or do DevOps stuff.

Must say that with the Nexus and other smartphones with bigger screens, or tablets, the experience is amazing, much much better than with my tiny iPhone’s 4 screen.

And of course you can control the C also from a laptop.

Nailing it

I added to the set an external bluetooth keyboard+touchpad.

Prototype C with the bluetooth keyboard. The motherboard is hidden under the battery

Prototype C with the bluetooth keyboard. The motherboard is hidden under the battery

If you use VNC on display :0 it’s perfect, obviously external keyboard won’t work if you use different displays (as key strokes are sent only to the device and not to the different X VNC sessions, of course).

With an external keyboard, the worries about spyware in the iPhone were mitigated, as all the keystrokes are on the physical external bluetooth keyboard and not on the iPhone’s screen.

The C with a smaller battery

The C with a smaller battery

I used a Rii mini i8, and a Logitech.

Some photos of real use examples

Sometimes I just connect the raw motherboard to the solar charger in the bag and only use the smartphone over the table.

Sometimes I just connect the raw motherboard to the solar charger in the bag, and just use the smartphone over the table.

We were dinning and to the cinema with some IT friends when suddenly one of the SysAdmins got an alert and needed a Linux box

We were dinning and to the cinema with some IT Engineer friends when suddenly one of the SysAdmins got an alert and needed a Linux box

No space? Do you need a sand box and have no memory for a virtual one?

Opening PHPStorm at the bar. Under LXDE


The C at the bar displaying epiphany web browser with the address http://www.prototypec.com

C over a jacket in a restaurant

C over a jacket in a restaurant

Waiting time? Get C!

Waiting time? Get C!

Mounting a USB mini webcam in a glass, while at a bar. The battery is charging the iPhone and powering the Prototype C

Mounting a USB mini webcam in a glass, while at a bar. The battery is charging the iPhone and powering the Prototype C

Honestly, I love to carry with me the raw Raspberry Pi 2 motherboard (in a cartoon box) and to connect it as is, but you can use a plastic box. It is also very useful to hang to walls, furniture, or the car.

Honestly, I love to carry with me the raw Raspberry Pi 2 motherboard (in a cartoon box) and to connect it as is, but you can use a plastic box. It is also very useful to hang to walls, furniture, or the car.